Biotechnology

DEPARTMENT OF BIOTECHNOLOGY

Panchakavya is an organic product derived from five products evolving from cow, and it has been used in Indian medicine since time immemorial. It acts as a growth promoter and energy booster. It provides macro nutrients, essential micro nutrients, many vitamins, required amino acids and growth promoting substances for plant, human and fish. It is also used to improve fish feed. Fishes are reared in tanks and treated with different concentrations of Panchakavya”. Then the weight, length and fertility of fish will be measured to see the effect of Panchakavya. Later the effect of Panchakavya on the tissues, hormone and other organs are tested.

 

VISION

To nurture world class excellence in higher education and Research in Biotechnology and deploy its specialized expertise to innovate, invent and disseminate the knowledge for the benefit of the society and environment.

MISSION

Updating the course curriculum to cater the needs of Academia and Industry.

To impart quality education for life-long professional growth and opportunity in a wide range of Careers.

To create awareness towards socio-ethical implications of potentials of Biotechnology.

Emphasis on recent trends in Biotechnology through organization of conferences, symposia, workshops.

MILESTONES

Students will be able to identify the problems related to Biotechnology, analyze and derive valid conclusions with fundamental knowledge in Biology and computation.

Students will be able to design solution to the problems by applying suitable components and processes within the safety constraints for environmental & societal needs.

Students will be able to design, conduct experiments, analyze and interpret data for investigating problems in Biotechnology and allied fields.

Students will be able to understand the potentials, and impact of biotechnological solutions on environment and societal context and need for sustainable solution.

Students will be able to work individually and as a team in a multi-disciplinary environment.

Students will have contemporary knowledge in Biotechnology and will have the ability to engage in lifelong learning.



PROGRAMMES OFFERED

UG PROGRAMS

  • Bachelor of Biotechnology

M.PHIL. PROGRAMS

  • M.Phil. Biotechnology

PG PROGRAMS

  • Master of Biotechnology

PH.D. PROGRAMS

  • Ph.D. in Biotechnology

FACILITIES

Department of Biotechnology has emerged as one of the rapidly-growing sectors of the Indian  economy today. Providing high quality education through advanced instruments is a special feature of our laboratory which help the students to get exposed, adds feathers to our crown.

  • The laboratory is well equipped with the instruments such as
  • PCR
  • Refrigerator centrifuge
  • Deep freezer with stabilizer
  • Fermenter
  • Electroporator with stabilizer
  • Millipore water purification system
  • Phase contrast Microscope
  • Submarine gel electrophoresis system
  • Hybridization oven with stabilizer
  • Centrifuge
  • Gel rocker
  • Sonicator
  • Western Blotting apparatus
  • UV spectrophotometer
  • B.O.D incubator with stabilizer
  • Co2 incubator with stabilizer
  • Laminar Air flow system
  • Hot air oven
  • Gel document System with printer
  • Microscope

In addition to that the Department possess  a separate Animal cell culture and Plant tissue culture facilities with all the basic instruments such as CO2 incubator, Inverted Microscope and Plant tissue culture chamber. Apart from these facilities, the Department is maintaining Mushroom unit, Bio-gas unit and Composting unit in the college Herbal garden

PROJECTS

Student Projects Completed

Title of The Project

Bacterial cellulose production from bio-degradable waste.

Name of the student

Ms.D.Jothi (II M.Sc).

Guide

Dr.P.Thirumalaivasan, Head - Biotechnology

Funding Agency

TNSCST, Govt of Tamil Nadu .

Amount Sanctioned(in lakhs)

0.075

Year

2013 - 2014

 

Title of The Project

Anti-bacterial activity of leaf extract of vitex negundo against human pathogenic bacteria.

Name of the Student

Ms.G.Sindhuja, Ms.R.Shrilekha, Ms.N.Shanaz Begum (II M.Sc).

Guide

Mr.M.Kanagapriyan, Asst.Professor - Biotechnology

Funding Agency

TNSCST, Govt of Tamil Nadu .

Amount Sanctioned(in lakhs)

0.075

Year

2013 - 2014

EVENTS

Department of Biotechnology maintains the Mushroom cultivation unit in the college herbal garden. Mushrooms often called as queen of vegetables and table delicious since time immemorial. Mushrooms are good source of proteins, amino acids and vitamins. It includes 1-6% of sugar, 20.3-42% of proteins, 0.5-3.5% of fats, mostly glycerides and glycolipids less frequently phospholipids, 0.5-1.5% of vitamin B2, vitamin D, vitamin E and K, but it also consists of glycogen, mannitol, traces of sorbitol, arabitol and other microelements. It boosts the immune systems, destroys cancer cells, facilitating nerve regenerating , eradicates bacteria, viruses and yeast, improves nutrition, provides better diet quality and help the environment by cleaning polluted soil and restoring habitats near polluting factories; Provides as a potential source of fuel.

Plant waste is the basic substrate utilized for cultivation of different edible mushrooms. Different types of substrates such as paddy straw, sugar cane molasses are used for mushroom cultivation. The bio-substrates are chopped into 2-3 cm size of bits and sterilized using an autoclave (121°C at 15psi). The sterilized materials are filled in polythene bag (24 x 12cm size) spread over with mushroom spawns. The seed beds are kept in a room provided with a sufficient aeration, at the temperature of  24-30°C and at the Relative Humidity of 80-100% for the spawns. The beds are incubated for about 15-20 days. The mushrooms are harvested in the early morning before spraying water. The collected mushrooms are analyzed for the biometric parameters such as fresh, dry weight and dry matter content and biochemical parameters such as total sugars, proteins, nitrogen and amino acids. The microelements such as phosphorous, potassium, calcium and magnesium are estimated.

Mushroom cultivation is a cash crop. It is a short return agricultural business and can be of immediate benefit to the community. Hence the ongoing research activity is designed to use the agricultural wastes as substrates for mushroom growth.

Composting

The Department implemented a much better practice by taking something perceived as dirty trash and transforming it into something of value: compost. Compost is an organic matter that has been decomposed and recycled as an organic fertilizer and soil amendment. It is a key ingredient in organic farming. Compost breaks up heavy clay soils, helps sandy soils to retain water and nutrients and releases essential nutrients. Compost also contains beneficial microscopic organisms that build up the soil and make nutrients available to plants. Organic trimmings in our landscape, such as fallen leaves, pine needles, grass clippings, flowers and the remains of garden plants make excellent compost. Kitchen scraps, such as fruit and vegetable peels and trimmings, tea bags, and coffee grounds are collected from college canteen and composted. The composting unit has been started for coir pith, plastic waste and plant wastes.

Production of Mycoinsecticides

The Department  is planning to produce Mycoinsecticide against Lepidopteran insect pest. The mycoinsecticides have significant role for effective sustainable management of pest in long-term without negative impacts on the environment. The use of insects pathogenic fungi holds several advantages, which include economic mass production, easy to manipulate, formulate and develop for the field application. The mycoinsecticides product is developed for registration and marketing against the serious lepidopteron pest in the rice agro ecosytem. The maintenance and preservation, either in vitro or in situ of the virulent strains of Metarhizium will also be carried out.

The isolation of entomopathogenic fungi using “Galleria bait method” and study of biochemical and molecular knowledge of the fungus using  elongation factor alpha -1 sequencing, comparison of toxic production among strains and physiology of the fungi in different range of temperature will be useful to increase the scope of the developed product in the rice crop.

In addition, the trans-sectoral issues such as farmers education, acceptability, market potential are major concerns. In conclusion, the successful completion of the proposed project  allows to enter the development programme with industry to transfer the technology to the end-users by identifying appropriate pathways, delivering  the products through farmers, including involvement of local manufacturers.

Role of “Panchkavya” Aquaculture

Panchakavya is an organic product derived from five products evolving from cow, and it has been used in Indian medicine since time immemorial. It acts as a growth promoter and energy booster. It provides macro nutrients, essential micro nutrients, many vitamins, required amino acids and growth promoting substances for plant, human and fish. It is also used to improve fish feed. Fishes are reared in tanks and treated with different concentrations of Panchakavya”. Then the weight, length and fertility of fish will be measured to see the effect of Panchakavya. Later the effect of Panchakavya on the tissues, hormone and other organs are tested.

Antimicrobial activity of crystals

The Biotechnology department in collaboration with Physics department helps in evaluating the antimicrobial activity of the crystals that has been developed by them through slow evaporation. After the analysis of the antimicrobial activity further studies will be carried out by them.

CONTACT

The Head,
PG & Research Department of Biotechnology,
Srimad  Andavan  Arts & Science College (Autonomous),
No.7, Nelson Road, Thiruvanaikovil,
Tiruchirappalli – 620 005
Tamil Nadu.
E-mail ID : drtmv@andavancollege.ac.in
Contact Number : 0431-2231937,  Mobile : +91 96263 62231.